The Court of Appeal held that the trial erred by admitting statements police obtained in violation of Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 384 U.S. 436and Edwards v Arizona (1981) 451 U.S. 477, and that the error was not harmless. In so holding, the Court found that the officers continued to interrogate appellant after he unambiguously invoked his right to counsel, and that appellant’s decision to speak to the officers nine seconds after the officers stopped speaking was the result of the improper interrogation and not appellant’s voluntary initiation of discussion with police.